The Pseudocraters at Skutustadagigar of Lake Myvatn are one of my favorites geological features in Iceland. Let me explain to you why the Skutustadir craters are not 'real ones' and give you some tips to plan your walk around the pond and on some of them.
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About Skutustadir Iceland - the Lake Myvatn Pseudocraters
Skútustadagígar is the area South of Lake Myvatn around the pond Stakholstjorn where the famous pseudocraters can be found (see next section to understand why they are not real craters). The Skutustadir Farm is named after an ancient hero called Viga-Skuta and allows us to get up close and climbs some of those beautiful shaped pseudocraters.
PLANNING TIPS - Skútustadagígar pseudo-craters
How to get to Skutustadir
- Lake Myvatn is in the North part of Iceland along Road 1, over 1 hour drive from Akureyri
- The Skútustadagígar Pseudocraters walking path is on the South section of Lake Myvatn
The pseudo-craters are included in both travel guides that I wrote to help you plan your road trip around Iceland and make the most of your time:
Visiting Skútustadagígar pseudo-craters
- Large carpark, and across the road is a cafe, a station and toilets as well as a hotel/restaurant
- The easy walk around the pond can be done in 1 hour (see map below). Some pseudocraters can be climbed, others are protect and cannot be approached
- I think the beginning of the hike has the best views on the West side
- I recommend the use of a fly net in summer. The area is famous for those annoying bugs especially so close to the water. I had some in September but it was bearable.
- And Check out my complete article with detailed suggestions and tips on what to wear and pack for Iceland to stay warm and comfortable
Skutusdadir Walk Map
Below is the map of the path that takes you all the way around the Stakholsjond pond to see most of the pseudocraters:
Walking up the first Myvatn pseudo-crater
I started the walk around the pseudocraters early morning I was lucky that the wind was down and got rewarded with beautiful reflections.
The first crater you encounter can be circled. See the people below, it gives you and idea for the size of the pseudocrater:
From the top of 2 pseudocraters, you get nice views of the area and sometimes the company of sheeps
The geology behind the Pseudo-craters
Here is the information I found at the Myvatn visitor center where thay have very nice displays:
“The planet Mars has recently found to harbour a large groups of craters that seem to have formed by steam explosions as glowing hot lava flowed over frozen ground. Such “pseudocraters” from on Erath as lava runs over wet sedimenet or into the sea. Most of Eearth’s pseudocraters are in Iceland and they are rare elsewhere. Scientific interest in them has increased after the Mars discovery. The pseudocrater by lake Myvatn are among the largest and most beautifully shaped on Earth.
The Myvatn pseudicraters were formed as lava entered a large lake (a precursor of Lake Myvatn), trapping its wet sediment underneath. First, many eruptions take place and a platform of fine-grained material is built up. Later, a few eruption vents take over, the water supply diminishes and well-shaped crater cones develop on top of the platform. The molten lava moves like a thin sheet inside a strationary crust. The lower crust breaks and the hot lava makes contact with the water-logged sediment underneath triggering violent steam eruptions. The lava continues to flow inside the crust envelope and feeds the steam eruptions.
Now the craters are covered by grass because midges fertilize the soil when they die.”
Walking along the pond and the shores of Lake Myvatn
After that I walked by down and continue on the path along the pond. Apart from the flies this is a very enjoybale walk. However the first part had the best views as you can see in the pictures.
Note: If you don't want to book everything yourself, consider booking a Self-Drive Tour Package (see my article to help you choose)
Want to see more of Iceland's beauty?
Discover more things to do and places to see in Iceland in my online Iceland Destination Guide.
What do you think of those prefect shapes?